“People simply don’t follow the security best practices”, Upadhyaya told Fox News. “When a design flaw is discovered in a vehicle, manufacturers issue a recall”.As the Guardian notes, the vulnerability does not exist within Microsoft’s Windows 10, “but is present in all versions of Windows prior to that, dating back to Windows XP”.Lawrence Abrams, a New York-based blogger who runs BleepingComputer.com, says many organizations don’t install security upgrades because they’re anxious about triggering bugs, or they can’t afford the downtime.The cyber experts have warned of a huge risk in near future as most institutions and individuals in Bangladesh use pirated software. By that time, Microsoft had discovered the bug on its own and issued a security update, but many users with older versions of Windows no longer receive such updates. Not that the NHS is exactly rolling in it, but you get the point.The attack is launched from several virtual private servers which are massively scanning the Internet on TCP port 445 for potential targets. Because the files are encrypted, removing the malicious software does nearly nothing to solve the situation, rendering the data within the computer completely lost. So another massive cyberattack is most likely coming.Bossert sidestepped questions about the government’s use of operating system vulnerabilities, but he said WannaCry involved a “vulnerability exploit as one part of a much larger tool that was put together by the culpable parties and not by the US government”. For example, a hospital X-ray department using an XP-based machine might need a new version of the software that controls its X-ray machines. “Since March, the government has been on high alert”.The hackers were found to inject the virus using a worm application called “WannaCry” that replicates itself in order to spread to other computers.In addition to the education sector, a number of immigration checkpoints were paralyzed because the public security network was infected. Around 200,000 victims in 150 countries have been affected, according to European Union police force Europol, many of them businesses including major corporations such as Nissan, FedEx and Hitachi.Another reason is that many organisations still run Windows XP, once again usually due to compatability issues.”There is a lack of transparency in India, in-spite of a mandatory requirement for banks and listed companies to disclose cyber-attack, however, very few banks and companies do that”, said Tushar Ajinkya, Partner, DSK Legal. The tech industry writ large opposes efforts by the government to weaken the security of its products, while national security advocates say it could help combat terrorism. In the United Kingdom, the National Cyber Security Centre alone has a £1.9 billion investment.Yet above the entire chorus of blame, Microsoft is also promoting clearer cybersecurity expectations and responsibilities for companies and governments.With WanaCryptor and MS17-010 both “unleashed into the wild”, F-Secure said the current problem seems to have combined and magnified the worst of the dangers those programs represent.The name Ransomware suggests, The WannaCrypt0r 2.0 bug encoded all the information from the computer, and lock down the pc and requested that the client pays the said money by a message on the screen. Describing how exactly the malicious software is developed, IT professional Felicio Fernandes says: “Ransomware is a kind of malicious software that takes a computer hostage and holds it for ransom”.